"The Story of the Lena Fox" was widely circulated in Europe and had far-reaching influence. In France, Germany and other countries, the story of Lena's fox is almost a household name, and even in modern French, the word "Lena" has become a proper noun for fox. All of these are due to the successful portrayal of an alert and wise fox, Lena, in the story.
Lena Fox first appeared as a wise and witty noble baron. In the animal kingdom described, he is the courtier of King Noble the Lion along with Isanggrand Wolf and Bren Bear. King Noble Lion is domineering and domineering. Isanggrand Wolf and Bren Bear do something wrong and take it by force. The storyline mainly revolves around the struggle between Lena Fox and Isanggrand Wolf, Bren Bear, King Noble Lion, etc. Among them, the struggle between Lena Fox and Isanggrand Wolf occupies the main part of the story. The powerful Isanggrand Wolf was repeatedly plotted by the seemingly gentle and kind-hearted Lena Fox, and fell into the cruel game designed by Lena step by step. Dreaming of eating delicious eel every day, Isanggrand Wolf agreed to shave his hair and be ordained, but was scalded by a pot of boiling water by Lena Fox and scalded his head bald. In order to eat more delicious eels, the greedy Isanggrand wolf quickly forgot the pain of his head being scalded by boiling water. Fish dream. At dawn, the wolf, frozen solidly on the ice, was caught in the hunt of hunters and hounds. Naturally, the ending was not good. Although Isanggrand was lucky to escape, he was severely injured by the hunter, his beautiful tail was broken, and his ass was smashed by a musket. But the game's designer, Lena, has long since slipped back into his warm home to have a sweet dream.
The stupid and almost mentally handicapped Isang Glenn finally came to his senses after being fooled and calculated by Lena one after another, and he sued Lena to King Noble Lion. Noble Lion wanted to rest in peace, but under the cries of the Chanteclay rooster and Bant's hen, the people were angry and he had to be passed on to appear in court. This led to the brilliant "The Trial of Lena Fox". Lena Fox's trial has twists and turns, exciting. At first, Lena defended himself with rigorous logic and emotion, winning the sympathy of the king, queen and many attendees, but he was accidentally defeated in the duel with Issangran. When Lena was convicted and was hanged, he was still able to use his wisdom and wisdom to turn the tide and win the final victory.
The image of Lena Fox is complex and multi-faceted. In the face of the lower classes of the animal kingdom, such as chickens, rabbits, birds, cats and other weak animals, he bullied and slaughtered arbitrarily. The bullying, despicable and cruel acts of Lenahu were unanimously condemned by public opinion, and were boycotted and counterattacked. In these struggles, Lena was always the loser. For example, in "The Police Dog Murho Draws a Knife to Help", Lena brutally ate the two children of the sparrow Trunn by deception. Trunn was heartbroken, but with the help of the police dog Murho, they joined forces Lena was punished. If it wasn't for Lena's superb tricks of feigning death, Lena would not have escaped this disaster.
Lena Fox is a fox, a fox from France and going to the world. His complex and multi-faceted image has won the love of people all over the world, especially young readers will feel the complexity and cruelty of life and society from Lena Fox. What happened in that forest reminded them of human society. We often talk about "survival of the fittest, survival of the fittest", which is more reflected in the "survival of the wise", which is true in nature and in human society. Therefore, the story of Lena Fox is like an introductory lesson in life for them, and maybe they will look back and compare them when they become adults. Perhaps, these are the charms of Lena Fox's story.
The story of the Lena fox originated in French folk. The whole story is composed of 27 groups of poems that have been preserved, with a total of more than 30,000 lines. It is a medieval French folk long narrative poem. The poems were produced from about the middle of the 12th century to the end of the 13th century, and were written successively by many folk poets. Most of the authors of the poems have no way to check. It adopts the method of allegory, depicts people with beasts, and uses irony and humorous strokes to endow the work with strong reality and entertainment. Later, the French modern linguist Lucien Fuller edited these independent poems in order of plot into a complete "The Story of the Lena Fox".
"The Story of Lena Fox" is a satirical work that pretends to be the animal world, uses beasts to describe humans, and insinuates human society, thereby exposing the ugliness and corruption of the feudal ruling class. Lion Noble was the supreme feudal ruler. Isanggrand Wolf and Brun the Bear were noble courtiers. And weak animals such as chickens, rabbits, and cats are the vast oppressed class. The image of Lena's fox is very complicated.
Although Lenahu was a baron, he dared to play tricks on the king, the powerful, ridiculed the church, and executed courtiers. He appeared as an anti-feudal rebel and a fighter. In the feudal society of the Middle Ages at that time, as the ruling class, the king, the church and the upper class of the aristocracy were autocratic and corrupt, greedy and ugly, but powerful, while as a new burgher class, although vigorous, but weak, it was difficult to compete with the powerful ruling class. contend. Because a fox cannot compete with strong and ferocious wolves, bears, lions, etc., he often fights with them with wit, which is precisely the characteristic of the emerging bourgeoisie.
On the other hand, Lena Fox recklessly bullied and killed many weak and defenseless animals representing the working people of the lower classes, and many chickens, rabbits, and birds almost became his belly. From this point of view, he is also the image of the upper class of the urban aristocracy. Through the experience of Lena Fox, the story vividly reflects that the feudal society is a dark, barbaric world full of fraud, plunder and the law of the jungle.
As early as the 1920s, the story of the Lena Fox was introduced to China. In 1926, the famous writer Zheng Zhenduo translated "The History of the Fox" from the English version under the pseudonym "Wenji"; in 1929, Jiang Xuekai translated "The Story of the Fox" from the French version; in 1983, the translator Qian Chun Qi published "Lena Fox" translated in poetic style, and the title was changed to "Laneke Fox".
In the process of deduction and interpretation of classics over the past dynasties, their original meanings are mostly ignored by people. The same is true of "The Tale of Lena Fox". This book for adults, which originally had a profound meaning, has been translated and adapted by writers to enhance the interest of the story, and is deeply loved by children from all over the world. However, when the beauty and cruelty in the animal kingdom are displayed together in the eyes of children, what will children think? Of course, the world of Lena Fox cannot simply be compared with today's human society, and it is even more different from the pure and lovely world of children, but if they realize that the fairy tale world is not always beautiful, they may have Learned a bit of wisdom from Lena Fox.