Kotor: soft times in the medieval city

   There is a small pocket country on the Balkan Peninsula. Although the country is small, the scenery is very charming. Traveling here makes people feel relaxed and happy, but I only feel that the stay time is too short. This is the Republic of Montenegro. No wonder "Lonely Planet" magazine described it this way: "Beaches are as charming as Croatia's sapphire beaches, steep and precipitous peaks are comparable to the mountains of Switzerland, canyons are as deep as the Grand Canyon, squares have the elegance of Piazza Venezia, small towns and small Greeks. As old as the town. Warm Mediterranean climate, favored by the Adriatic Sea... Montenegro is as magical as its name.”

  Montenegro is the youngest country in Europe, only independent in 2006, with a land area of ​​only 13,800 Square kilometers, the population is only 630,000. Unexpectedly, there are 4 World Heritage Sites in small Montenegro, and I focused on the Kotor Natural, Cultural and Historical Reserve.

  The car drove along the seaside, we enjoyed the beautiful scenery between the mountains and the sea, and came to the Bay of Kotor. It is a natural port surrounded by mountains, located in the most indented part of the Adriatic Sea, and the southernmost bay in Europe, once selected as one of the 25 most beautiful bays in the world. Since ancient times, it has developed maritime transportation and excellent transportation location, making it a battleground for military strategists. The history of the ancient city of Kotor is as complex as any other medieval city in the Balkans. In Roman times, in 168 BC, Kotor was part of the Roman province of Dalmatia; in the early Middle Ages, the Byzantine Empire, Justinian the Great, established a town here in 535, after expelling the Goths. Fortress; in the early 11th century, Kotor was occupied by the First Bulgarian Empire and later ceded to the Serbian Empire; in 1420 it became a vassal of the Republic of Venice, and during its nearly 400 years of rule, the ancient city was deeply influenced by its culture. The layout of the old town that has been preserved today is basically built in the Venetian period.

The rippling bay of Kotor - the sapphire of Montenegro

  The ancient city of Kotor was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979 with its special natural landscape and cultural and historical city. However, in the same year, a major earthquake occurred in the coastal area of ​​Montenegro, killing nearly 100 residents and destroying about 50% of the buildings in the ancient city. Listed as a World Heritage Site. Fortunately, with the help of UNESCO, the ancient city has basically been restored to its original appearance.

Ancient buildings bloom with classical charm and charm

  In June, the ancient city was crowded with tourists. My friends wanted to climb the mountain and enjoy the panoramic view of the ancient city from a height. I prefer to wander in the old streets. The small town is not big, but the buildings are very dense, and it is easy to get lost in the old alleys. The buildings are mostly made of stone, with stone carvings, stone carvings, window lattices... One by one, the exquisite details are full of the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. They have not faded over time, but instead bloom with classical charm and charm in the shuttle between ancient and modern. Each stone is mottled with time, and hundreds of years have only deepened the lines on the stone.

Medieval style stone carved window lattice on the ancient city building

  Pirates have been rampant on the coastline of Montenegro since ancient times. Pirates pretending to be businessmen often enter the city to kidnap for ransom and take people into slavery in the ancient city of Kotor. The city has the most architectural relics from the Roman and Byzantine periods. Each square is surrounded by buildings with different functions, and the squares are connected by winding streets. There are 14 large and small churches in the city of Roman Byzantine, Gothic and Renaissance styles (6 of which are Roman churches in the 12th and 13th centuries), and the towering spire clock tower has become a guiding sign. The most famous of these is the Roman building St. Triffin's Cathedral built in 1166 - the tallest landmark in Kotor and one of the oldest churches on the Adriatic coast.

Walking through the ancient city of Kotor is like walking into an ancient time tunnel

  However, I ended up losing my way because of the dense streets and alleys. There are many cats here, they appear from every hidden corner, and their serious eyes seem to tell me that my every move is under their watch. Kotor people love cats, there are cat-themed shops and museums, a city with cats will make people feel warm and loving.

Exquisite stone carvings on the city wall

  The stairs leading to the ancient city walls lead me to this important historical monument of Kotor. The defensive "Great Wall" that stretches to the top of the mountain is dilapidated but majestic. The city wall starts at the seaside and winds up in a "zigzag" shape along the almost vertical cliffs until it reaches Fort St. John at the top of the mountain, stretching for 4.5 kilometers. Construction started in the 9th century, and it was continuously strengthened and extended until it was completed in the 18th century. The ancient city wall is integrated with the mountains. If you don't look closely, it seems to be hidden in the gray and black mountains. The height of the wall on the mountain side is about 20 meters, and the width is only two meters. In 1657, the Kotors successfully resisted the invasion of the Ottoman army with their solid walls. Viewed from the city wall, the rippling Kotor Fjord is surrounded by endless mountains, and the ancient city between the mountains is well-defined and harmonious with the red-roofed architectural style. On the other side is the azure blue bay. The busy commercial port in those days has now become a place for people's leisure and vacation.

Important historical monuments in Kotor - the ancient city walls

red-roofed house in old village

Cat-themed shops and museums are everywhere on the street

  Tired of walking, I found a restaurant with a courtyard, ordered a glass of white wine, and a plate of sea rainbow and salad. The hot sun of the Adriatic Sea became a lot gentler after being filtered by the vines. Lazy cat. Enjoying delicious food and wine, and reminiscing about those ancient buildings and the stories behind them, a small town carved by time has remained in my memory.



Zeigarnik effect

  As a freelancer, you have to fight procrastination every day. "I've made up my mind many times, but I just can't change it. Is it because I'm slow or slow?". In fact, many procrastinations are irrational. Many obstructions are imagined by myself. So distract, postpone, avoid confrontation. It's cool to procrastinate, and it's cool to procrastinate all the time, so I can't do it. Concentration is also related to physical strength. When the physical strength is exhausted, it is even more difficult to concentrate. You’ll tell yourself: I’m too tired to do this—okay, another perfect procrastination.   In 1927, Bruma Zeigarnik's senior research found that people are more likely to care about unfinished and interrupted work than completed work. This is the Zeigarnik effect. For example, we often don't care much about what we have got, but we will especially cherish what we have worked hard but haven't got. Therefore, the TV series will tell you

Hebei Xingang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

Hebei Xingang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd is located in the industrial park of Zhao County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, near the world-famous ZhaoZhou Bridge. Our facility neighbors the Qinyin Expressway and 308 National Highway on the east, and it neighbors the Jingzhu Expressway and 107 National Highway on the west. It is located 30 km from Shijiazhuang High-speed Train Station and 50 km from Shijiazhuang International Airport. Our company mainly focuses on the research, production and retail of rifamycin and its derivatives, and pharmaceutical raw materials and intermediates. Our products mainly include, Rifamycin S Sodium, Rifamycin S, 3-Formyl Rifamycin SV, Rifamycin SV Sodium, Rifampicin, Rifandine, Rifaximin, Rifapentine, Rifabutin, Rilmenidine, and so on. We are currently the world’s main manufacturer of anti-tuberculosis drugs and rifamycin and its derivatives. Hebei Xingang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd was established in 1996. Upon establishment, the company had a clear developmental goal o

Moroccan football team: "The most familiar stranger"

   When I was still in college ten years ago, I led a sightseeing group of more than 30 Moroccan students. Before meeting them, my general impression of the Moroccans was that they are from North Africa but closer to the Arab world. They have religious beliefs, are used to worship, and are inextricably linked with France.   When I saw the real person, I realized that the North Africans in front of me were actually a group of children playing with each other and having fun in time. They were about the same age as me at the time. I have all kinds of nicknames and nicknames. During the process of taking them to Badaling, the Summer Palace and Houhai, two classmates and I, together with more than 30 Moroccan students, realized "cultural integration" and "world unity" in the small group to some extent.   During the World Cup in Qatar, I was surprised to find that the little-known Morocco team, which was eliminated in the group stage of the last World Cup, after miraculou