With famous mountains as the skeleton, rivers and lakes as the pulse, natural beauty and art and culture complement each other, and a low-key and rich lifestyle, this is the "back garden" of Europe, and it is also a place favored by God-Switzerland. When mentioning Switzerland, many people think of snow-capped mountains, fairytale-like cities, pure white lakes, and thousands of years of historical events. It is a rare place of tranquility in this noisy era.
switzerland at a glance
The Swiss Confederation, referred to as Switzerland, is located in central Europe, bordering Germany in the north, Austria and Liechtenstein in the east, Italy in the south, and France in the west. The total land area is 41,284 square kilometers. major geographic areas. Switzerland is located in the northern temperate zone, with four distinct seasons. Although the total land area is only over 40,000 square kilometers, the climate is also greatly different due to the great differences in terrain and sunshine. From a regional perspective, the northern plains surrounded by mountains have a relatively mild climate, and the lakeside area is also a good place for a cool climate. Southern Switzerland is relatively hot due to the influence of the Mediterranean Sea.
There are 4 unevenly distributed languages and many dialects in Switzerland. Among them, German is the most widely spoken language in Switzerland, and (Swiss) German is mainly spoken in 19 of the country's 26 cantons. This is followed by French, which is widely spoken in western Switzerland known as "Suisse Romande". In addition, Italian is spoken in Ticino and the four valleys in the southern canton of Grisons, and Romansh is spoken only in the trilingual canton of Grisons. Many foreigners living in Switzerland also bring their own languages, such as Serbian and Croatian, and 1% of the population speaks English. It can be seen from the diversity of languages that Switzerland is a country that integrates multiple cultures. Here, there are groups of different languages, different eating habits, and different traditional customs. The reason for the distribution of multilingualism and culture in Switzerland can be traced back to the historical development process of Switzerland.
Switzerland today has developed in a very similar way to other European countries. The first few centuries were marked by immigrants. Therefore, immigrants from various ethnic groups came to live in Switzerland, and the Hallstatt culture and the Osama bin Laden culture were also produced successively. With the arrival of the Romans, began a 400-year rule over Switzerland. Around the 3rd century AD, the Germanic Alemanni invaded the central Swiss plateau and drove the Roman legions from the provinces south of the Alps in the 5th century AD. For a period of time after the withdrawal of the ancient Romans, the Alemanni influx and settled in northern Switzerland in large numbers, and their language gradually replaced the local language, which is now German.
Meanwhile, after the Burgundians conquered Savoy (now western Switzerland), they adopted the language spoken by the local Gallo-Romans, which was eventually replaced by standard French. Other areas that were not conquered by the Alemanni retained their own dialects related to Latin, which later gradually developed into the languages currently used in this area, that is, Romansh and Italian.
In the early historical development of Switzerland, the territory was divided and occupied by various countries and nationalities. Until 1291, the three forest states of Uri, Schwyz and Lower Walden in central Switzerland fought against the Habsburg dynasty. During the struggle, they secretly formed a permanent alliance and established the Swiss Confederation. In the following centuries, the alliance continued to expand its territory, and after the end of the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648, it signed the "Westphalia Peace Treaty". In this regard, Switzerland was internationally recognized as an independent country.
Fun in Switzerland
If you admire nature and pursue vast glaciers and rivers, then Switzerland will definitely satisfy your longing for nature. Switzerland offers a variety of incredible landscapes, and exploring glaciers, mountains, rivers and impressive old buildings will leave you wanting more.
Creux du Van Majestic Horseshoe Valley
Horseshoe Valley (Creux du Van) is located on the border between Neuburg and Vaud, with a large number of natural rock landscapes. The most impressive thing is that the rock wall with a vertical height of 160 meters encloses a valley with a length of 4 kilometers and a margin of 1 kilometer. The regional climate of the Horseshoe Valley is very special, the forests growing on the rocks and the arctic alpine plants are lush and verdant. Antelopes, wild sheep, lynxes and many other wild animals thrive in this pristine natural environment. The 25-square-kilometer nature reserve protects them from the fate of being hunted.
Horseshoe Valley is located in the Val-de Travers, where a famous Swiss specialty absinthe is produced. Here visitors can taste various absinthes produced locally and learn about the history of this wine. Nearby, the Areuse Gorge is another natural wonder, located between Noiraigue and Boudry. Visitors can enjoy this spectacle from the bridge through an adventurous hiking trail and numerous steps.
Matterhorn, the symbol of Switzerland -
Matterhorn Matterhorn is the most beautiful mountain in the Alps, and it is also a proud symbol of Switzerland. Its special triangular cone shape, with a pillar supporting the sky, can be described as steep and difficult to climb. The Matterhorn can be said to be the most beautiful and breathtaking mountain in the world. Even now, climbing the Matterhorn is a difficult challenge that can only be accomplished by well-equipped professional climbers accompanied by experienced guides.
If you want to enjoy the majestic and unparalleled beauty of the Matterhorn, you must go to the Matterhorn Glacier Paradise. The two mountains are only separated by the Theodul Pass and a glacier, and tourists can take the aerial cable car from Zermatt to enjoy the scenery. It is amazing that the station of this cable car line at an altitude of 3820 meters is the highest cable car station in the Alps.
Rheinfall Europe's largest waterfall - Rhine Falls
Due to the crustal movement of the Ice Age, 15,000 years ago, the Rhine River was diverted and a new river bed was formed. The Rhine Falls form at a bend in a river where the current is strong enough to grind hard chalk into gravel. The waterfall is about 150 meters wide and has an average flow rate of 23 meters per second. Although the boulder in the middle of the river has been washed and baptized by the river for thousands of years, it is still proud but independent. Standing at the top of the Rhine Falls, the largest waterfall in Europe, you can feel the thrill of the soul brought by the sound of the rumbling waterfall.
Tourists can take the round-trip ferry of the Rhine Falls, board the rock in the middle of the river, experience the shock and natural wonders of the Rhine Falls from a distance, and even stand on the protruding, semi-suspended platform on the river to watch the Rhine Falls.
Zurich, the richest city in Europe - Zurich
As the "experience center" by the lake, the magnificent scenery of the snow-capped Alps is close at hand. This is Zurich, the commercial center of Switzerland, with a series of unique tourist attractions all over the city. More than 50 museums, more than 100 art galleries, international fashion brand stores, Zurich specialty brand stores, and the most colorful and vibrant nightlife in Switzerland.
Zurich is the economic and educational center of Switzerland and the wealthiest city in Europe. It has been rated as one of the most livable cities in the world by the United Nations Habitat for many years. This city in the heart of Europe offers all the modern conveniences of a cosmopolitan city, while enjoying a well-preserved natural environment. In terms of quality of life, Zurich has been ranked among the top cities in the world for many years. Small but all-encompassing, this exquisite city is an important cultural center in Europe and home to ETH Zurich, the continent's highest-ranked university.
Chillon Castle Romantic Chillon Castle
Chillon Castle is built on a huge rock on the shore of Lake Geneva. This beautiful castle that seems to be floating on the water is the most famous ancient building in Switzerland. For nearly 4 centuries, Chillon Castle has been the residence of the Earl of Savoy family. The rocky island with Chillon Castle, facing the shimmering Lake Geneva on one side and leaning against the steep and towering mountains on the other, was inhabited even as early as prehistoric times. For hundreds of years, the passage of ships on Lake Geneva and the important land route to St. Bernard's Pass have been controlled by this island. Chillon Castle was owned by the family of the Counts of Savoy from the 12th century to the 16th century. Later, the residents of Bern captured and occupied the castle on the water, and later it was captured and lived by the residents of Vaud.
This romantic castle reflected on Lake Geneva once attracted many poets and painters such as Rousseau, Dumas, Hugo, Turner, etc., and became famous all over the world, especially "The Prisoner of Chillon" written by Byron, The most posterity known. Now, the castle has become a tourist attraction for people all over the world. Every year, more than 300,000 tourists come to visit Chillon Castle, enjoy the 14th-century murals here, watch the underground vaults, and the long castle built during the Bernese rule. Wander between hallway and bedroom. The entire castle includes 25 buildings, 3 courtyards, and two circular walls surrounding it for protection.
In Switzerland, you can seek exciting adventures, watch magnificent nature, appreciate historical sites, and start a beautiful journey with a free heart.