In the summer and autumn seasons, many young parents become nervous, because these two seasons are times when gastroenteritis is raging. Especially in summer, due to the hot weather, many children like to eat cold food, and they are prone to diarrhea.
Find the culprit in children with diarrhea
Pediatric diarrhea is a group of diseases mainly caused by diarrhea caused by multiple causes. It is characterized by an increase in the frequency of bowel movements. At the same time, some children will also have symptoms such as fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, and even varying degrees of water and electrolyte disorders and acid. Disturbance of alkali balance and other conditions. The pathogens of diarrhea are mostly viruses, bacteria, toxic Escherichia coli, hemorrhagic Escherichia coli, and invasive Escherichia coli. In addition, extra-intestinal infections, abuse of antibiotics, improper feeding, and climate influences can all induce this disease.
Rotavirus is the "culprit" that induces diarrhea in young children in summer, and the main route of transmission is feces-oral cavity. Toddlers infected with rotavirus will have persistent fever and vomiting symptoms, which seriously affect the physical development of the children. Another common bacteria that causes diarrhea in young children is Escherichia coli. Escherichia coli is spread through food intake. This bacteria likes to parasitize cooked food and milk. Children ingest these foods, it is very likely to happen Infection induced diarrhea.
The most important thing to prevent dehydration
From a global perspective, more than 4 million infants and young children die from diarrhea in developing countries each year, and about 60% of the children who die are due to dehydration. Therefore, preventing dehydration from diarrhea in young children is particularly critical. It is medically recommended that in addition to oral medical rehydration, children can also be given rice soup, noodle soup and plain water.
Here are several ways to make oral liquids. ⑴ Sugar brine: 500 ml of purified water, 10 g of white sugar and 1.75 g of fine salt, boil and let the child take it after cooling. ⑵ Rice soup with salt oral liquid: 500 ml of rice soup with 1.75 g of fine salt, boil it and let the child take it orally; use 25 g of fried rice noodles with 1.75 g of fine salt and 500 ml of purified water, boil and let cool Taken by children.
Although dehydration is very common in children with diarrhea, 90% or more of the children are mildly or moderately dehydrated, which will not endanger the lives of the children. Children with severe dehydration need immediate intravenous rehydration, especially when the child vomits after taking the rehydration fluid. It is no longer possible to correct the dehydration symptoms through oral rehydration. Only intravenous rehydration can quickly correct the child. Hypovolemic shock and electrolyte disturbance.
Drugs for pathogens
In clinical treatment, for bacterial infectious diarrhea and clinically for different pathogens, high-efficiency narrow-spectrum antibiotics are used to eliminate pathogens, which can also avoid destroying normal intestinal flora. If necessary, a bacterial susceptibility test can also be carried out, and sensitive antibiotics can be selected.
Many domestic drugs now contain montmorillonite octahedrons, which have strong adsorption and fixation effects on bacteria, viruses and the toxins they produce, bile salts, etc., and can also promote significant intestinal mucosal gel in children. With thickening and prolonged survival time, the mucosa will also increase, remodeling the damaged mucosal barrier of children, protecting the top of the intestinal bacteria and the intercellular bridge from damage, so that the damaged cells can be fully repaired.
Life prevention is very important
In order to prevent children from suffering from diarrhea, parents should pay attention to managing their children’s food hygiene in their daily lives. The food for children must be clean and fresh. Tableware and milk utensils used by children must be regularly boiled and disinfected to educate children. Do personal hygiene and get into the habit of washing hands before meals and after going to the toilet.
Strengthen children's outdoor exercises and activities to improve body immunity. Younger babies and toddlers should be taken care of more carefully, and their clothes, diapers, etc. must be changed frequently; wash the buttocks with warm water after each bowel movement, and absorb the moisture in the buttocks to prevent the child from catching a cold; if so Baby girls should also pay attention to the hygiene of the child’s perineum to prevent ascending urinary tract infections. When taking care of the buttocks for young children, hand disinfection should also be done; clothing and quilts contaminated by young children’s feces must be disinfected to avoid cross-infection.
Children are weak in physique and have low immunity, and they are prone to diarrhea during the season when the disease is high. Parents of children must pay attention to daily nursing work to reduce the probability of infection of children.