Liver and gallbladder are like the human body's "chemical factory", which is responsible for many reactions within the body, such as the metabolism and detoxification of substances such as protein, fat, and sugar. Bad habits such as staying up late, smoking and drinking, and overeating will increase their workload, cause liver and gallbladder diseases, and endanger human health. The following introduces the prevention and diet care of several common liver and gallbladder diseases, hoping to provide help for everyone.
Under normal circumstances, the liver secretes bile to promote the digestion of fats and other substances, but unhealthy diet and lifestyle may cause disorders of bile secretion and changes in bile components, which will gradually form stones. Gallstones can cause acute and chronic cholecystitis. Therefore, preventing gallstones or cholecystitis requires the development of healthy eating and living habits.
First of all, we must ensure a balanced diet, eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc. Taking adults as an example, the "Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents" recommends that the daily food intake is 250-400g for staple cereals and potatoes, 50-150g for cereals (including miscellaneous beans), 300-500g for vegetables, 200-350g for fruits, and 40 for meat. ～75g, 40～50g eggs, 40～75g aquatic products, 25～35g soybeans and nuts, 300g milk and dairy products.
Excessive fat intake will stimulate the contraction of the gallbladder and induce or aggravate gallbladder disease. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of gallstones or cholecystitis should try to choose a light, low-fat diet, and eat less animal viscera and fatty meat, especially in the acute stage of gallstones. But this is not to say that you don't eat fat at all. It is recommended to control your daily fat intake to within 30 grams and disperse it in each meal.
It is best to take a small amount of meals and avoid overeating. In addition, in terms of cooking methods, it is recommended to use more cooking methods such as boiling, steaming, braising, stewing, and braising, and to minimize unhealthy diet cooking methods such as braising, frying, and frying. In addition, try to avoid too much alcohol or irritating food.
Fatty liver, simply put, is a pathological change with excessive accumulation of fat in liver cells. It sounds like it is only related to obesity and high-fat diet. In fact, bad habits such as drinking, smoking, lack of sleep, staying up late are all predisposing factors for fatty liver. It is worth mentioning that undernourished and vegetarians can also get fatty liver, which may be related to protein deficiency.
To prevent fatty liver, calorie intake should be strictly controlled in daily life, three meals a day should be appropriate at regular time, eat well early, eat full at lunch, and eat less at night. Try to chew slowly, avoid overeating, overeat, and eat less snacks, sweets, supper, etc. Insist on plant-based foods, supplemented by animal foods, and try to choose high-quality protein, such as fish, eggs, and milk. Eat foods rich in vitamins, especially foods high in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and B vitamins such as kiwi, oranges, liver, carrots, etc., and avoid fruits with more sugar. Fresh vegetables, especially green leafy vegetables, should be eaten as much as possible every day to meet the body's demand for vitamins and dietary fiber. Corn, kelp, garlic, onion and other foods can improve human blood circulation, reduce fat accumulation, and can be consumed in moderation. Spinach, sesame, sea rice, cauliflower, beet head, scallops, millet, etc. are rich in methionine amino acids or can promote the synthesis of phospholipids in the body, help the fat conversion of liver cells in the body, and increase intake.
In addition, obese people should also actively lose weight so that the weight falls within the standard weight range. But pay attention to gradual progress, and avoid losing weight too fast or too aggressively, leading to endocrine disorders and fatty liver.
Relevant studies have shown that drinking, viral hepatitis, food and drinking water, genetics and other factors are related to the occurrence of liver cancer, and prevention of liver cancer must start from these aspects. The harm of drinking has been emphasized many times. Whether it is beer, white wine or red wine, it will increase the risk of liver cancer. Especially in patients with hepatitis, excessive drinking will further increase the risk of liver cancer. For viral hepatitis, it can be prevented by vaccination.
Avoid eating moldy food (aflatoxin, the main source is spoiled peanuts, melon seeds, etc.), food containing nitrosamines (the main source is smoked, pickled, moldy food), food lacking trace elements, or drinking algae toxins Contaminated water, etc.; eat more fresh, clean foods, such as kelp, wakame, barley and adzuki beans, etc., have a certain effect on the prevention of liver cancer; honey, mushrooms, mulberry seeds, soft-shelled turtle and mullet have a certain protective effect on the liver . Abundant protein has a certain effect on liver cell regeneration and repair, and moderate consumption can also help prevent liver cancer, such as chicken, eggs, beef, etc.